Netty-Http服务器端入门开发

Netty-Http服务器端入门开发

Tags: Netty

摘要

Netty-Http服务器端入门开发

Http服务器端场景描述

文件服务器

以http的形式提供服务,访问服务ip返回user.dir目录中的文件夹和文件列表。
文件夹和文件都是链接形式显示。

如果是文件夹可以递归进入下一层目录。
如果是文件提供下载。如果指定的路径不存在,返回404.

Http服务器端开发

package netty_http;

import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpObjectAggregator;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpRequestDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseEncoder;
import io.netty.handler.stream.ChunkedWriteHandler;


public class HttpFileServer {

    private static final String DEFAULT_URL = "/";

    public void run(final int port, final String url) throws Exception {
        EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        try {
            ServerBootstrap b = new ServerBootstrap();
            b.group(bossGroup, workerGroup)
                    .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
                    .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                        @Override
                        protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch)
                                throws Exception {
                            ch.pipeline().addLast("http-decoder",
                                    new HttpRequestDecoder());
                            ch.pipeline().addLast("http-aggregator",
                                    new HttpObjectAggregator(65536));
                            ch.pipeline().addLast("http-encoder",
                                    new HttpResponseEncoder());
                            ch.pipeline().addLast("http-chunked",
                                    new ChunkedWriteHandler());
                            ch.pipeline().addLast("fileServerHandler",
                                    new HttpFileServerHandler(url));
                        }
                    });
            ChannelFuture future = b.bind("127.0.0.1", port).sync();
            System.out.println("HTTP文件目录服务器启动,网址是 : " + "http://127.0.0.1:"
                    + port + url);
            future.channel().closeFuture().sync();
        } finally {
            bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
            workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }


    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        int port = 8080;
        if (args.length > 0) {
            try {
                port = Integer.parseInt(args[0]);
            } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        String url = DEFAULT_URL;
        if (args.length > 1)
            url = args[1];
        new HttpFileServer().run(port, url);
    }
}

HttpFileServer.java解释

默认端口是8080

ChannelPipline中添加Http解码器后又添加了HttpObjectAggregator解码器,它的作用是讲多个消息转换为单一的FullHttpRequest或FullHttpResponse,原因是Http解码器在每个消息中会生成多个消息对象。

HttpRequest / HttpResponse
HttpContent
LastHttpContent

http-encoder是http响应编码器
http-chunked作用是支持发送大的码流(例如大的文件传输),但不占用过多内存。

最后HttpFileServerHandler是处理文件服务器的业务逻辑

package netty_http;

import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpMethod.GET;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus.BAD_REQUEST;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus.FORBIDDEN;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus.FOUND;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus.METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus.NOT_FOUND;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus.OK;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1;

import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFutureListener;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelProgressiveFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelProgressiveFutureListener;
import io.netty.channel.SimpleChannelInboundHandler;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.*;
import io.netty.handler.stream.ChunkedFile;
import io.netty.util.CharsetUtil;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.RandomAccessFile;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import javax.activation.MimetypesFileTypeMap;


public class HttpFileServerHandler extends
        SimpleChannelInboundHandler<FullHttpRequest> {
    private final String url;

    public HttpFileServerHandler(String url) {
        this.url = url;
    }

    @Override
    public void messageReceived(ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
                                FullHttpRequest request) throws Exception {
        if (!request.decoderResult().isSuccess()) {
            sendError(ctx, BAD_REQUEST);
            return;
        }
        if (request.method() != GET) {
            sendError(ctx, METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED);
            return;
        }
        final String uri = request.uri();
        final String path = sanitizeUri(uri);
        if (path == null) {
            sendError(ctx, FORBIDDEN);
            return;
        }
        File file = new File(path);
        if (file.isHidden() || !file.exists()) {
            sendError(ctx, NOT_FOUND);
            return;
        }
        if (file.isDirectory()) {
            if (uri.endsWith("/")) {
                sendListing(ctx, file);
            } else {
                sendRedirect(ctx, uri + '/');
            }
            return;
        }
        if (!file.isFile()) {
            sendError(ctx, FORBIDDEN);
            return;
        }
        RandomAccessFile randomAccessFile = null;
        try {
            randomAccessFile = new RandomAccessFile(file, "r");// 以只读的方式打开文件
        } catch (FileNotFoundException fnfe) {
            sendError(ctx, NOT_FOUND);
            return;
        }
        long fileLength = randomAccessFile.length();
        HttpResponse response = new DefaultHttpResponse(HTTP_1_1, OK);
        HttpHeaderUtil.setContentLength(response, fileLength);


        setContentTypeHeader(response, file);
        if (HttpHeaderUtil.isKeepAlive(request)) {
            response.headers().set(HttpHeaderNames.CONNECTION, HttpHeaderNames.KEEP_ALIVE);
        }

        ctx.write(response);
        ChannelFuture sendFileFuture;
        sendFileFuture = ctx.write(new ChunkedFile(randomAccessFile, 0,
                fileLength, 8192), ctx.newProgressivePromise());
        sendFileFuture.addListener(new ChannelProgressiveFutureListener() {
            @Override
            public void operationProgressed(ChannelProgressiveFuture future,
                                            long progress, long total) {
                if (total < 0) { // total unknown
                    System.err.println("Transfer progress: " + progress);
                } else {
                    System.err.println("Transfer progress: " + progress + " / "
                            + total);
                }
            }

            @Override
            public void operationComplete(ChannelProgressiveFuture future)
                    throws Exception {
                System.out.println("Transfer complete.");
            }
        });
        ChannelFuture lastContentFuture = ctx
                .writeAndFlush(LastHttpContent.EMPTY_LAST_CONTENT);
        if (!HttpHeaderUtil.isKeepAlive(request)) {
            lastContentFuture.addListener(ChannelFutureListener.CLOSE);
        }

    }

    @Override
    public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause)
            throws Exception {
        cause.printStackTrace();
        if (ctx.channel().isActive()) {
            sendError(ctx, INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR);
        }
    }

    private static final Pattern INSECURE_URI = Pattern.compile(".*[<>&\"].*");

    private String sanitizeUri(String uri) {
        try {
            uri = URLDecoder.decode(uri, "UTF-8");
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            try {
                uri = URLDecoder.decode(uri, "ISO-8859-1");
            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e1) {
                throw new Error();
            }
        }
        if (!uri.startsWith(url)) {
            return null;
        }
        if (!uri.startsWith("/")) {
            return null;
        }
        uri = uri.replace('/', File.separatorChar);
        if (uri.contains(File.separator + '.')
                || uri.contains('.' + File.separator) || uri.startsWith(".")
                || uri.endsWith(".") || INSECURE_URI.matcher(uri).matches()) {
            return null;
        }
        return System.getProperty("user.dir") + File.separator + uri;
    }

    private static final Pattern ALLOWED_FILE_NAME = Pattern
            .compile("[A-Za-z0-9][-_A-Za-z0-9\\.]*");

    private static void sendListing(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, File dir) {
        FullHttpResponse response = new DefaultFullHttpResponse(HTTP_1_1, OK);
        response.headers().set(HttpHeaderNames.CONTENT_TYPE, "text/html; charset=UTF-8");
        StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
        String dirPath = dir.getPath();
        buf.append("<!DOCTYPE html>\r\n");
        buf.append("<html><head><title>");
        buf.append(dirPath);
        buf.append(" 目录:");
        buf.append("</title></head><body>\r\n");
        buf.append("<h3>");
        buf.append(dirPath).append(" 目录:");
        buf.append("</h3>\r\n");
        buf.append("<ul>");
        buf.append("<li>链接:<a href=\"../\">..</a></li>\r\n");
        for (File f : dir.listFiles()) {
            if (f.isHidden() || !f.canRead()) {
                continue;
            }
            String name = f.getName();
            if (!ALLOWED_FILE_NAME.matcher(name).matches()) {
                continue;
            }
            buf.append("<li>链接:<a href=\"");
            buf.append(name);
            buf.append("\">");
            buf.append(name);
            buf.append("</a></li>\r\n");
        }
        buf.append("</ul></body></html>\r\n");
        ByteBuf buffer = Unpooled.copiedBuffer(buf, CharsetUtil.UTF_8);
        response.content().writeBytes(buffer);
        buffer.release();
        ctx.writeAndFlush(response).addListener(ChannelFutureListener.CLOSE);
    }

    private static void sendRedirect(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, String newUri) {
        FullHttpResponse response = new DefaultFullHttpResponse(HTTP_1_1, FOUND);
        response.headers().set(HttpHeaderNames.LOCATION, newUri);
        ctx.writeAndFlush(response).addListener(ChannelFutureListener.CLOSE);
    }

    private static void sendError(ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
                                  HttpResponseStatus status) {
        FullHttpResponse response = new DefaultFullHttpResponse(HTTP_1_1,
                status, Unpooled.copiedBuffer("Failure: " + status.toString()
                + "\r\n", CharsetUtil.UTF_8));
        response.headers().set(HttpHeaderNames.CONTENT_TYPE, "text/plain; charset=UTF-8");
        ctx.writeAndFlush(response).addListener(ChannelFutureListener.CLOSE);
    }

    private static void setContentTypeHeader(HttpResponse response, File file) {
        MimetypesFileTypeMap mimeTypesMap = new MimetypesFileTypeMap();
        response.headers().set(HttpHeaderNames.CONTENT_TYPE,
                mimeTypesMap.getContentType(file.getPath()));
    }
}

如果是文件夹就获取目录中的所有内容,返回链接列表。
如果是文件就直接返回文件流。

运行结果

运行HttpFileServer.java main方法,启动服务

显示user.dir目录下的所有文件(当前项目的根目录)

点击src/main/java/netty_http 进入

随便请求一个不存在的文件

代码地址

https://coding.net/u/javacore/p/netty-http/git